16. More than half of the world’s population lives within a circle that covers a proportionally tiny section of the world including China/India/etc. and Southeast Asia.
The circle shown in the image above contains some amazing facts. More than half the population of this world is inside this circle even though the circle is mostly water. Moreover, there are more Hindus, Muslims, and Buddhists inside the circle than outside it. Meanwhile, this densely populated circle contain the most sparsely-populated country on earth, Mongolia.(source)
17. In Canada, there is an island with a lake, which has an island in it, and that island has its own lake, and in that lake, there is a small island.
The record of world’s largest island within an island within an island was earlier held by a tiny island in a crater lake on Volcano Island in Lake Taal on the Philippine island of Luzon. But, this record is now held by a four-acre strip of land within a small lake on a slightly larger island within a bigger lake in the enormous Victoria Island of Canada. Victoria Island of Canada is the fourth largest island in the world and is sparsely populated. The unnamed islet on Victoria Island is inaccessible and is located at 69.793 degrees North, 108.214 degrees West.(source)
18. The largest desert in the world is Antarctica.
The word desert immediately brings the image of sand, sun, cactus, and oasis. However, according to geographical definition deserts are those places where the temperature is extreme and there is little to no moisture. According to this definition, one-third of Earth’s surface is desert and most of it is present in polar regions. This definition also proves the fact that Antarctica is the largest desert in the world as its annual precipitation is less than 51 mm. Like the sandstorms in hot deserts, Antarctica too experiences massive windstorms with maximum speed of 320 kilometers per hour.(source)
19. The Dead Sea is constantly sinking at the rate of 1 meter per year. Currently, it is 429 meters below sea level.
With a depth of 304 meters, The Dead Sea is the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. Its water is 9.6 times saltier than the water in the Ocean. Due to this, neither plants nor animals can flourish in it, and so it got the name the Dead Sea. Also, it has been mentioned a number of times in Biblical stories. Currently, the most alarming issue about the Dead Sea is that it is sinking constantly at the average rate of 1 meter per year. The first measurement was taken in 1927. Now, it is monitored by Geological Institute of Limnological Research. Studies have shown that the level of water in the Dead sea has dropped by more than 40 meters since the 1950s.
Currently, the Red Sea-Dead Sea project is being carried out by Jordan in an effort to save the Dead Sea. Under this project, the water will be supplied to neighboring countries and the brine will be sent to the Dead Sea to stabilize its level.(1,2)
20. Kiribati is the only country in the world that is situated in all four hemispheres.
Kiribati is a country in the Pacific Ocean consisting 33 atolls (reef islands) and one solitary island. The atolls are located in both the eastern and the western hemisphere. Also, they are spread along the northern and the southern hemisphere making it the only country in the world which is situated in all four hemispheres. Officially, Kiribati is known as the Republic of Kiribati.(source)